Every human being has the capacity to acquire language – and not just our first language. The only thing necessary for language acquisition to happen is exposure to lots of comprehensible input, preferably in the form of language that is fun and interesting. TPRS (Teaching Proficiency through Reading and Storytelling) is an approach to teaching language that combines the natural human capacity for language with the power of story to make acquiring a new language seem effortless. Using three basic skills – establishing meaning, strategic questioning known as ‘circling’, and story-asking – TPRS language teachers build a class environment in which language fluency is no longer the focus, but instead the happy byproduct of interacting with students in a target language that is comprehensible, repetitive, and in context, through the co-creation of compelling classroom stories and personalized question and answer.
TCI (Teaching with Comprehensible Input) is a broader term that encompasses many ancillary skills that have evolved from and alongside TPRS, using the key TPRS strategies and skills to explore text, video, and other forms of comprehensible input.
TPRS and TCI provide a variety of strategies for differentiating input and expectations of output, allowing every learner to engage fully and find success acquiring language at their individual level of readiness.